How can reduced working time by two hours a day be designed

It is always easier to defend one's values ​​than to live up to them


Of the conditional reduction of working hours by two hours per day in Sweden, half of which is to be devoted to wisdom development, which is paid for by the state, it is proposed that half takes place during working hours and half during free time. This means that 2,5 hours per week take place during working hours and the same amount during free time. Wisdom development is pursued mostly in groups because dialogue and reflection are a main component in the wisdom development process. The dialogues will follow Bohm´s dialogue method or similar.

Adult wisdom development is intended to be organized in such a way that it mainly takes place in the employer's premises. People know each other, meeting rooms exist, information technology is there, and there is often people with leadership skills. In addition, wisdom development benefits the company. For those citizens who do not have a workplace, are on sick leave or retirees, can use premises in the city or be invited to companies. Very small companies may join with others in wisdom development.

The dialogues are supposed to be held after a short presentation of a subject (normally 5-15 minutes), either by a person at the meeting, a video clip, a visit to any location, reading a text, or other input. The groups decides themselves how long the proceeding dialogues will be. They can be about all sorts of subjects, for example global challenges, societal problems, emotions, values, human needs or other abilities and skills involved in wisdom. 

There will be guidelines for facilitating dialogues but each group will be free to adapt its forms and pace. The dialogues are intended to be voluntary, non-judgmental, process focused, reflection based, positive, multiplex, synergetic, reality centered and interest based. If somebody choose not to attend they will lose payment for this time. The goal is that people will look forward to these meetings to discuss and share experiences, feelings, ideas, etcetera.

Additional information

Inner abilities and skills to be developed

Holistic view

In each situation, see the whole, for example of our/others' actions, societal problems and global challenges, systems, technologies, etcetera. It involves training in:

  • integrate fragmented knowledge into a larger whole
  • understand how I, others, groups, society, nature and systems interact
  • understand how changes in fragments can change the whole
  • understand subjectivity
  • understand context
  • understand history

Values, human needs, emotions

Understand how values, virtues, emotions and human needs affect our decisions, thoughts, words and actions. It involves training in:

  • understand the importance of different social values, virtues and human needs
  • understand the long-term consequences of different social values, virtues and human needs
  • understand social values, virtues and human needs in different contexts
  • understand how social values, virtues and human needs work in practice
  • practice a conscious use of social values, virtues and human needs


Lead themselves and others. It involves training in:

  • understand oneself, others, organizations and society
  • understand human motivation
  • understand different ways to decide
  • understand body, soul and mind
  • create internal and external stability
  • understand and implement different types of coaching
  • understand the effects of uncertainty

Critical analytical ability

Be able to critically analyze everything we hear and see, and be able to see things from different perspectives. It involves training in:

  • recognize problems
  • understand the meaning of facts
  • gather and organize relevant information
  • acknowledge misunderstood assumptions and values
  • understand and use language with accuracy, clarity and discernment
  • interpret data, evaluate evidence and evaluate arguments
  • acknowledge the existence of logical relations between proposals
  • draw sufficiently reasoned conclusions and make relevant generalizations
  • test the conclusions and generalizations that arise
  • reconstruct their belief patterns on the basis of new broader experience / knowledge
  • make correct assessments about specific things and characteristics in everyday life

Creativity and problem-solving ability

Be more creative and be able to solve problems. It involves training in:

  • find hidden patterns
  • connections between seemingly unrelated phenomena
  • generate new ideas
  • find relevant facts
  • use intuition and emotion
  • be non-judgmental
  • understand logical barriers
  • question


Become empathetic, that is, get to know what it is like to be in other people's situation. It involves training in:

  • know the feelings of other people and animals
  • understand how other people's feelings affect their behavior
  • understand how my behavior affects other people
  • understand how other people's behaviors affect other people

Theoretical knowledge

Understand everything related to a sustainable society and much more. It involves training in:

  • understand relevant theoretical knowledge
  • understand theoretical knowledge in practical terms
  • understand how to develop theoretical knowledge
  • understand the history behind theoretical knowledge
  • understand the consequences of theoretical knowledge

Practical skills

Become more practical, for example in cultivation, nature conservation, crafts, technology, etc. This means training in:

  • understand practical skills
  • practice relevant practical skills
  • understand the implications of practical skills
  • understand how to develop practical skills

Conflict resolution

Increase the ability to resolve conflicts. It involves training in:

  • understand the causes of the conflict
  • listen actively
  • understand how the other sees the conflict based on their beliefs, perspectives and attitudes
  • understand the other person's feelings
  • understand how the other person experiences my behavior
  • understand and use different conflict resolution techniques

Possible activities that are followed by dialogue and reflection:

  • a group of people watching a video about a global challenge, a societal problem, a human need, a value, etcetera
  • a group of people play role-playing games that are about empathy, values, virtues, leadership, conflict management, etcetera, which can be inspired by a video, an actual event or a newspaper article
  • a group of people gather to hear a lecture on, for example, conflict management
  • a group of people read poetry, poetry and books and relate these to contemporary society
  • a group develops one or more visions for the future
  • a group watches a video about multiple global challenges and societal issues
  • a group practices understanding historical causal chains
  • a group learns to practice a work step in a practical profession
  • a group goes out into nature with a nature guide to show how ecological systems work
  • a group visits a slaughterhouse, an industry or a landfill
  • a group tests to use their intuition
  • a group practices different techniques for creativity and problem solving
  • a group of people gather information on a topic on the internet to learn how to do source criticism
  • a group practices writing a submission, making a podcast, writing slogans, or doing an interview, on a relevant topic
  • a group uses art to talk and reflect on emotions, human needs and virtues
  • a group embarks on a survival adventure over a weekend

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